Prof Gerry Whyte – Religion and Education – the Irish Constitution
“The Constitution addresses the issue of education in two different Articles – Article 42 dealing with education generally and Article 44 dealing with religion. This arrangement is not without significance for the former Article is largely informed by Roman Catholic social teaching while the ideological ancestry of Article 44 lies in nineteenth century liberalism. Thus constitutional policy on education straddles an ideological fault line in the Irish Constitution.
The conflict between these ideologies did not emerge for many years because of the dominant position of the Roman Catholic Church in Irish society.”